Sunday, 19 April 2015

A Tour of Ennerdale including Pillar Rock and the Shamrock Traverse

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Route: Bowness Knott CP, Rake Beck, Great Borne, Scaw Well, Starling Dodd, Little Dodd, Red Pike, Standing Stone, High Stile, High Stile North Top, Eagle Crag, Comb Crags, High Crag, Gamlin End, Seat, Scarth Gap Pass, Black Sail Hut, Black Sail Pass, Looking Stead, High Level Route, Robinson's Cairn, Pillar Cove, Shamrock Traverse, Pillar, Wind Gap, Black Crag, Little Scoat Fell, Steeple, Great Scoat Fell, Haycock, Little Gowder Crag, Caw Fell, Lingmell Plantation, Nine Becks Walk, Bowness Knott

Date: 19/04/2015
From: Bowness

Parking: Bowness Knott
Start Point: Bowness
Region: Western Fells

Route length: 17.7 miles (28.5 km)
Time taken: 08:20
Average speed: 2.1 mph
Ascent: 2,148m
Descent: 2,165m

Wainwrights on this walk:
Great Borne (616m), Starling Dodd (633m), Red Pike (755m), High Stile (807m), High Crag (744m), Pillar (892m), Scoat Fell (841m), Steeple (819m), Haycock (797m), Caw Fell (697m)

Other Summits: Little Dodd (590m), High Stile North Top (807m), Looking Stead (627m), Black Crag (828m), Little Gowder Crag (733m)

Other points of interest: Chapel Crags, Comb Crags, Gamlin End, Scarth Gap Pass, Black Sail, High Level Route, Pillar Cove, Robinson's Cairn, Pillar Rock, Wind Gap,

Having seen a similar walk on the excellent Striding Edge, I'd been itching (figuratively rather than literally) get a long Lakeland day beneath my boots now that the days are a bit more accommodating. This walk would take in some of the highlights of Ennerdale which, at around 7 miles long, makes it a bit of challenge to complete a typical 'horseshoe' type walk without a camp halfway. The only other way for a mere mortal like myself to see the delights of both the High Stile ridge and the Pillar ridge (while including the seemingly insurmountable Pillar Rock) was to add in a descent to Black Sail and a climb up the Black Sail Pass and subsequently Pillar itself, a rigorous demand.

Ennerdale Water is the Lake District's most westerly waterbody and the valley that bears its name remains largely untouched from development (though this didn't stop the war-era planting of conifers which are, gladly, now starting to be replaced thanks to the Wild Ennerdale project). It retains a remoteness that is difficult to equal in the Lakes, the depths of Eskdale is perhaps its only rival.

I was up early on Sunday morning, abandoning the cosiness of the bed in favour of a three-hour drive up and around to Ennerdale, arriving at the large car park at Bowness Knott just before 8.15 having made good time up the A1 - no one is around at 6 in the morning. After packing more water and food than clothing, I set off up the road around the base of Bowness Knott to Rake Beck, beginning the first climb of the day. The path rises towards Brown Howe, meeting what appears to be a shelter cairn or sheep fold but is in fact an old fox-trap, using the classic and well-established design of easy to enter, difficult to escape. It's easy to imagine what Fox's fate would have been, I can't think that Lakeland shepherds are all that forgiving.
Herdus presents the first challenge of the day

The path leads up the side of the fell following Rake Beck
View towards Ennerdale Bridge
Brown Howe with Bowness Knott and Crag Fell beyond
Looking up the path to Rake Beck
Haycock across the valley - the afternoon's descent is down the long sweeping ridge in the centre
The fox trap
From the fox-trap, the path climbs up alongside Rake Beck, following its route in a straight line to the upper slopes of Great Borne, the first target of the day. A short grassy climb reaches the summit. Great Borne (or Herdus if you're a local) is thought to take its name from the translated French meaning 'Great Boundary'. This seems fairly apt as Great Borne marks the beginning of the ridge that divides Buttermere and Ennerdale, running some 7 miles to Brandreth and onto Great Gable though is actually thought to be a reference to the edge of the ancient Loweswater forest.
The ravine containing Rake Beck
Looking down the top of the waterfall on Rake Beck
Bowness Knott and Crag Fell
The summit of Great Borne
The route from Great Borne is obvious and easy going, crossing Starling Dodd and climbing up to Red Pike. The slopes of Starling Dodd are home to what is thought the be Lakelands highest unbroken waterfall, the 100ft drop of Scale Force which we visited on a previous walk. Aside from that, attention is usually drawn the unusual cairn rather than its impressive view of Pillar and Haycock, the spiky ironwork creating an odd, evil twin to the main summit cairn.
The route between Great Borne and Starling Dodd
Climbing Starling Dodd
Looking back to Great Borne
The two cairns on Starling Dodd
Haycock over Lingmell
A panorama of Ennerdale containing Great Gable, Pillar, Scoat Fell, Steeple, Haycock and Caw Fell
The path continues on, following the line of the old Ennerdale Fence, an estate boundary that is a regular feature around Ennerdale, following the ridge line around the valley - an almost constant companion and a terrific aid to navigation. A steepening climb leads up to the summit of Red Pike, arguably the first of the famous Buttermere fells and the first of the really popular fells on this walk.
Looking towards Red Pike
Looking down Lingcomb Edge to Mellbreak
Red Pike, named for its red-tinged rocks, is a fine fell and a popular starting point along the Buttermere Edge, cradling the delightful Bleaberry Tarn in the midst of its slopes. The tarn sees no sunlight between November and March. Red Pike is also the only fell in the Buttermere trio that has a prominent subsidiary top, that of Dodd.
Red Pike's summit cairn and shelter
Robinson above Buttermere
Looking along Chapel Crags to High Stile
Panorama above Chapel Crags showing Red Pike, The Saddle, Dodd and a distant Grasmoor
No time for Dodd today, unfortunately, there was still plenty to walking to do though plenty of time to do it in as the clock rolled around towards 10.30. Across the top of Chapel Crags in the indomitable High Stile, surrounded by its fortress of dark, recessed crags. Climbing High Stile marks a change in conditions underfoot with the smooth grass of Red Pike being replaced by jumbled rock and stone. There are two tops on High Stile, the first one being a little lower than the second. It was the lower summit that Wainwright originally marked as the top, the true summit lies 1m higher along a short spur to the north.
Dodd and Bleaberry Tarn from the gully adjacent to Chapel Crags
Red Pike from High Stile
High Stile summit looking south-west
Fleetwith Pike and High Crag from High Stile
High Stile's defences are completed by Grey Crag and Eagle Crag which give way to Comb Crags which join High Stile to the neighbouring High Crag. This section of the walk is a delight, the narrow ridge providing precipitous views down into Buttermere while Pillar shows off its magnificence across the valley. Pillar Rock, the afternoon's destination, can clearly be seen from here. If you look really closely (and know where you are looking) you can also make out Robinson's cairn though more on that later. Sadly, the drama is over all too early as you reach the summit of High Crag and prepare for the steep descent down Gamlin End.
Looking along Comb Crags
The ridge of Comb Crags
Eagle Crag and Grey Crag on High Stile
Pillar and Pillar Rock
The Ennerdale Fence
Crossing Comb Crags
A close-up of Pillar Rock. The Shamrock Traverse crosses the slanted rock to the left
High Stile
Buttermere and Crummock Water overlooked by Grasmoor
High Crag summit
Fleetwith Pike over Wharnscale Bottom
Gamlin End is High Crag's centrepiece, an impressive and extensive fan of scree which falls down the eastern face. Only once you've completed the knee-trembling descent can you appreciate just how steep the eastern face of High Crag really is. I've only ever come down it and, at the present moment, harbour no intent to climb it. I skirted round the small rise of Seat which then drops even further to the Scarth Gap Pass, the footway between Buttermere and Ennerdale which ultimately leads to Wasdale by way of Black Sail.
Gamlin End
Hay Stacks
Scarth Gap Pass summit
Buttermere panorama from Scarth Gap
It was time to head back down into the depths of Ennerdale, a part of the District I've never visited before; merely having gazed down into it from the giants that surround it. Here you can find the lonely Black Sail Hut, perhaps the most remote Youth Hostel in the country, accessible to the public only on foot (wardens have the luxury of a Land Rover to ferry them around). It was here that I had decided to stop for a break, an opportunity to rest the feet for a few minutes, refill water in the pristine River Liza and cram some food down before the second half of the walk, the half that I was really looking forward to - Pillar.
Too right
The lonely Black Sail Hut
Green Gable and Great Gable at the head of Ennerdale
The River Liza in Ennerdale
Drumlins below Hay Stacks
Refreshed by the short break it was back to climbing again, this time up towards Black Sail Pass beneath the watchful eyes of Kirkfell Crags. The wind had picked up to such an extent that I was reconsidering taking the High Level Route on to Pillar, it was starting to make walking that extra bit challenging which wouldn't be ideal on a narrow path high above Ennerdale. After passing Looking Stead (an excellent vantage point) a cairn marks the start of the High Level Route. Decision made, I was going to give it a go.
Looking up the Black Sail Pass
Sail Beck beneath Kirkfell Crags

Kirkfell Crags and a gate for the purists
Kirk Fell over Black Sail Pass
A small tarn near Looking Stead
Looking back down the ridge leading to Kirk Fell
Looking Stead's summit with the slopes of Pillar beyond
Yewbarrow and the mighty screes of Dore Head
The High Level Route beckons
The route is actually a climbers traverse to Pillar Rock and is an amalgam of the Climbers Traverse on Bowfell and the Corridor Route to Lingmell Col - both fine routes in their own right. The High Level Route clings to the slopes of Pillar, beneath the main ridge but high above Ennerdale below, hence its name. Despite this, the path is easy to follow (once you get on to it) and isn't as intimidating as it first appears. The path crosses the top of Green Cove and Proud Knott before heading into Hind Cove. A short distance from Hind Cove is Robinson's Cairn.
Looking into Ennerdale over Green Cove
The High Level Route can clearly be seen here
The High Level Route
Ennerdale far below
Ennerdale from Hind Cove
The crags above Hind Cove
Hind Cove where the High Level Route becomes less exposed
Approaching Robinson's Cairn
Robinson's Cairn is a memorial to John Wilson Robinson, a local man who died in 1907, who pioneered many climbing routes on and around Pillar. While Haskett-smith is regarded as the father of rock climbing (as a sport), Robinson is credited as being an influence on the young man with their lasting partnership achieving some extraordinary feats. A bottle is concealed within the cairn containing a transcript of the memorial speech. The cairn is majestically perched on a rock outcrop in full view of the East face of Pillar Rock, with which his name will always be associated.
Robinson's Cairn
The memorial to John Wilson Robinson
That brings me nicely on to Pillar Rock itself, a monumental outcrop of unimaginable proportions. To add a sense of scale, here are some numbers; from base to summit it measures over 600ft or 200m. Still not convinced? That's the equivalent of two Big Bens, stood on top of each other. Now imagine that clinging to a mountainside. That is Pillar Rock. Wordsworth described it resembling 'some vast building made of many crags' which as accurate a description as you could wish find.
Robinson's Cairn and Pillar Rock
The full scale of Pillar Rock
The Shamrock and Pillar Rock
The Shamrock Traverse
Looking back to Robinson's Cairn
Pillar Rock from Pillar Cove
The path continues into Pillar Cove, an immense amphitheatre of dark, towering crags and zigzags up to the foot of the Shamrock Traverse, a section I had been a little bit wary about. Viewed from High Stile, the traverse looks terrifying, clinging to a narrow shelf of rock high above a fall that would equal certain death. In reality, it's much tamer without any real sense of exposure of difficulty. The rock shelf the path sits on is actually a couple of metres wide and there is no sense of danger from the imminent drop on one side. It's called the Shamrock Traverse as it sits on top of the Sham Rock - which, when viewed from Robinson's Cairn, appears to be part of Pillar Rock when it is in fact, entirely separate. There was, however, a tricky slippery section at the very end which did require a bit of care to cross safely.
The Shamrock Traverse
The Shamrock Traverse
Looking back down the Shamrock Traverse
Pisgah and High Man make up the top of Pillar Rock
The path carries on up the tilted shelf
Pillar Rock from the top of the Shamrock Traverse
Once across the traverse, Pillar Rock seems within touching distance and looks tempting and climbable - it is, with the correct skills and equipment, of course, neither of which I possess. After a final few photos, it was time to press on as there is still a way to go before reaching the summit. A series of short scrambles (with good hand and foot holds) climb up to a ridge where one final, more challenging, scramble leads to the slopes of the summit. It's a different world upon the summit of Pillar, gone are the dark, looming rocks, replaced by a verdant green carpet and a series of puzzled looking walkers as they saw me emerge, tired and sweaty, from the midst of Pillar. To celebrate reaching the summit of England's eleventh highest mountain, the sun came out, a feature that had been missing for much of the day. Cue a glorious afternoon amongst the fells of Mosedale.
The final climb up onto Pillar
The Scafells come into view
Pillar summit
Black Crag, Scoat Fell and Steeple from Pillar
Steeple - too good to miss
The other Red Pike
Heading west, the path descends into Wind Gap before climbing back out again up to Black Crag, a minor summit en route across the luxurious turf to Scoat Fell. Confusingly, the map labels the high point as 'Little Scoat Fell', contrary to 'Great Scoat Fell', though this is a result of the fells being named in relation to their area rather than their elevation - it is Little Scoat Fell that is the highest.
Black Crags form part of Scoat Fell
Wind Gap
Mosedale from Wind Gap with the Scafells beyond
Black Crag summit
Scoat Fell from Black Crag
Lingmell and Scafell Pike
The Ennerdale Fence, which we met earlier in the day, becomes a proud drystone wall that crosses Scoat Fell's summit. Summit purists have built the smallest of cairns on the wall to mark the top. The rest of the summit is characterised by a grassy plateau, interspersed by numerous rocks and stones. After its dramatic appearance on Scoat Fell, the wall runs a number of miles to Crag Fell and can be a useful navigational aid in poor weather. A col separates Scoat Fell from Haycock, though before heading to Haycock, a quick trip to Steeple.
Steeple and Mirk Cove
The summit of Scoat Fell
Steeple from Scoat Fell
Approaching Steeple
Steeple is a new one on the list for me, a small but shapely subsidiary of Scoat Fell and an easy summit to reach. It has a fine view of the crags of Scoat Fell and down into Ennerdale. Returning to Scoat Fell, I had another quick stop in the shade of the Ennerdale wall before setting off for the penultimate fell of the day; Haycock.
Looking back to Scoat Fell from Steeple
Ennerdale as seen from Steeple
Scoat Fell
The summit of Steeple with Pillar and Scoat Fell making up the view
Haycock is one of the more remote Lakeland fells, located a number of miles from valley starting points - a long way in Lake District terms. As you might expect, the climb up to Haycock was made with heavy feet and weary legs though it represented the last significant climb of the day, Caw Fell's pleasant dome is a mere stroll. It also presents an expansive view across the Irish Sea, shimmering in the early afternoon light.
Scoat Fell seen from the climb up Haycock
Dark Scafells over Low Tarn and Gosforth Crag
Summit of Haycock
The Irish Sea
Seatallan seen from Haycock
From Haycock, the route crosses Little Gowder Crag, a feature that is prominent enough to be classed as a Nuttall as well as a Birkett and definitely a feature worthy of the short climb to reach it. Beyond is Caw Fell, the day's final destination. The fell's summit is long and slender and luckily the summit is located at the eastern end, closest to where I was. I wasn't too bothered having a good wander around, I was ready to start making my way back to the car, still a few miles away at Bowness Knott.
Following the Ennerdale Fence to Little Gowder Crag
Haycock from Little Gowder Crag
The fine symmetrical profile of Starling Dodd
Heading up Caw Fell
Haycock seen from Caw Fell
The summit of Caw Fell
On Caw Fell, the final summit of the day
Silver Cove and the ridge leading back to Ennerdale - a way to go yet
I retraced my steps back towards Haycock, delving down onto an unnamed ridge that divides Silvercove Beck and Deep Gill. The path is fairly unpleasant after a long day in the fells, the uneven stones required careful placement of every step and the utmost concentration to prevent a trip. It took around half an hour to finally reach the footbridge over Silvercove Beck and enter the wooded realm of the Lingmell Plantations.
Ennerdale from the unnamed ridge
Silver Cove and Caw Fell
Silvercove Beck
Lingmell Plantation
The Wild Ennerdale project was conceived 2002, a plot to let the valley return to a wild state after years of post-war conifer planting, a project that was aided after a violent storm in 2005 felled some 20,000 of the trees in the valley, providing the perfect opportunity to replant with native species not limited to trees. Native black Galloway cattle have bee allowed to roam the valley, cattle that I encountered at Black Sail. Apparently, they can be hard to find, I found them hard to get past. Over 10 years on and many of the harsh boundaries have been removed, peat bogs are being restored and the valley is reclaiming what was once lost - wilderness.
The wooded slopes of Starling Dodd
Woodland in Ennerdale
Pillar dominates Ennerdale
The near-pristine River Liza
The silhouette of Crag Fell
It will never be truly wild, though, such is the popularity of the Lake District, a fact that was obvious as I crossed a rather large bridge and joined the track that allows visitors to access the nearby Gillerthwaite YHA. It was well over a mile back to the car from here and I felt every step, especially the cruel uphill ones that I hadn't anticipated. Eventually, I reached the car, completing a fairly epic and rewarding day out around Ennerdale, a valley that was a near mystery to me only a few weeks ago but has taken on a new sense of familiarity.

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